The focus of IB students and their CAS activities is to meet the 8 Learning Outcomes at least once.
Learning Outcome #3 is stated as: Planned and initiated activities.
Clarifying explanation: planning and initiation will often be in collaboration with others. It can be shown in activities that are part of larger projects, for example, ongoing school activities in the local community, as well as in small student-led activities.
I interpret Learning Outcome #3 as “students need to start a project, plan it, develop it, and problem solve when things go wrong, even if it’s with the help of other student-leaders on the same project.”
This Learning Outcome forces students who might otherwise stay in the shadows and follow to step-up and take a leadership role.